Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It is one of your endocrine glands, which make hormones. Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in your body. These include how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. All of these activities are your body's metabolism. If your thyroid gland is not active enough, it does not make enough thyroid hormone to meet your body's needs. This condition is hypothyroidism.Hypothyroidism is more common in women, people with other thyroid problems, and those over 60 years old. Hashimoto's disease, an autoimmune disorder, is the most common cause. Other causes include thyroid nodules, thyroiditis, congenital hypothyroidism, surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid, radiation treatment of the thyroid, and some medicines.The symptoms can vary from person to person. They may includeFatigueWeight gainA puffy faceCold intoleranceJoint and muscle painConstipationDry skinDry, thinning hairDecreased sweatingHeavy or irregular menstrual periods and fertility problemsDepressionSlowed heart rateTo diagnose hypothyroidism, your doctor will do a physical exam, look at your symptoms, and do thyroid tests. Treatment is with synthetic thyroid hormone, taken every day.NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Disease Alternative Name

underactive thyroid

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Concluded Case

Diffuse Thyroid enlargement

74 yrs Female Patient complains throat enlarged Chief Complaints Mild diffuse Thyroid gland No other complaints *Hi...See More


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Concluded answer

Swelling neck Check it is moving with swallowing Yes it is Goitre Rx asymptomatic with normal TFT may be advised thyroidactomy It seems menopausal Asymptomatic may be left and keep monitoring

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Ex.central Hospital Dhanbad.1985 ..1993..ex.pathologist .drs Tribedy and Roy Dianostic Lab.kolkata.ex Pathologist.inst of Child Health Kolkata.

Senior Pathologist

School of Tropical Medicine. Kolkata

d c p

User Languages
Speaks Bengali, English, Hindi

20 Years of Teaching To Both UGs & PGs

As Assistant, Associate & Professor

Gandhi Medical College, Dr. NTRUHS

MD Pathology

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Speaks English, Hindi, Kannada, Telugu

Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai

Professor of Transfusion Medicine and Senior Consultant In Pathology

Kasturba Medical College


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Speaks English, Hindi

Sepuri Endocrine & Diabetes Center

Chief Endocrinologist & Diabetologist for the Last 25 Years

Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom

Masters Degree in Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes

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Speaks English, Hindi, Telugu

PHC Bichpuri and ESI Dispensary Chippitola Agra & SN Medical College Agra & Fatehgarh

Medical Officer Incharge

SN Medical College, Agra


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Speaks English, Hindi, Marathi

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